Arts & Activities  
      November Student Page      

      Concept, Composition, Confidence, Contrast, Color Harmony, Character, Courage      
      By Dan Bartges      
      Assignment 3 In A Series Of 10: COMPOSITION Part II      
      Dan Bartges. Deep in the Forest. Oil on canvas; 60" x 35".      
      Leon Trousset (French, 1838–1917). Old Mesilla Plaza, ca. 1885–86. Oil on canvas; 29.56" x 48.5". Smithsonian American Art Museum Transfer from the Bureau of American Ethnology.      
      Irving R. Wiles (American; 1861–1948). Her Leisure Hour, ca. 1925. Oil on canvas;
27.25" x 22.5". Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of John Gellatly.
      William H. Johnson (American; 1901–1970). Sowing, ca. 1940. Oil on burlap; 38.5" x 45.75". Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of the Harmon Foundation.      

1Q What does it mean when we say that a painting "functions" well?

1A The painting's compositional elements steer the viewer's attention the way the artist intended.

2Q When a person first looks at a painting, does she/he usually look at the left side, the middle or the right side?

2A We usually begin looking on the left side of a painting, and our eyes naturally travel across to the right side-the same way we read a book.

3Q Name two compositional techniques an artist might use to guide the viewer's eye when looking at a painting.

3A There are several, including lines of perspective; distinct foreground, middle ground and background; a visual entranceway; and exploiting the eye's tendency to view a painting from left to right.


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